INSIDE LONGWOOD
L'autre Sainte-Hélène - The other St. Helena

CHRONOLOGY - 1816
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Passage of the China fleet
Seasonal passage of the merchant fleet from Asia

15 April  - The new governor, sir Hudson Lowe, arrives at St. Helena

17 April – 1st interview between Hudson Lowe and Napoleon:
Napoleon
asked how many years I had been in service; "28" I replied “I am therefore older soldier than you” to which I answered “whom History will make known in a quite different manner”. He smiled but said nothing.
Napoleon with Hudson Lowe

5 May – Napoleon says to Dr. O’Meara about the new governor : 
« Il porte le crime empreint sur son visage. »

(He has the look of a criminal stamped on his face)

16 May – 2nd interview between Hudson Lowe and Napoleon : 
« I am the Emperor Napoleon – Have you come here to be my executioner ? My gaoler ? »
The governor then says to grand-marshal Bertrand : 
« He made an imaginary Spain, an imaginary Poland, an imaginary England, and now he wants to make an imaginary St. Helena. »


7 June – Napoleon is unwell, but refuses to take the medicine proposed by O'Meara :
« He maintained that his remedy in case of illness was much better than mine. It was to eat nothing, to drink plenty of barley water but not any wine, and to go riding for seven or eight leagues to stimulate perspiration. »

17 June – Admiral Malcolm's fleet arrives at St. Helena, to replace that of Cockburn, with the three foreign commissioners. Hudson Lowe reported his feelings about these characters:
« The Austrian commissioner shows himself as a true élève of Prince Metternigh. The French marquis, who had been 30 years an émigré says:- 'Ce sont les gens d'esprit qui ont causé la Révolution.' He evidently had had no hand in it. The Russian commissioner appears to laugh at the other two & really appears to have much more in him than either of them. »

18 June – Birth of Napoleone de Montholon at Longwood

22 June – The first boxes of the books ordered in England finnally arrive at Longwood, for the great pleasure of Napoleon :
« He cast a rapid glance on every book; as some distasteful tome appeared, he snatched it from the bearer, and with an impetuous “Bah!” sent it sliding in the dirt. »

24 June – Napoleon meets with Dr. Baxter, head of the hospitals :
« Well, Signor Medico, how many patients have you killed in your time ? »

  End of June – Marchand receives a letter from his mother, clandestinely brought from Vienna to St. Helena by a botanist, Welle, inside which he finds a lock of hair from Young Napoleon

26 June – Bathurst orders to expell Piontkowski and to send back three servants from Napoleon's suite

16 July – Interview between Hudson Lowe and Napoleon about the building of a new house for his future accommodation 

25 July – Some newspapers bring the news of Bertrand's condemnation in France with the publication of his secret letter to the Duke of Fitz-James :
 

18 August – Impromptu meeting in the gardens between Hudson Lowe and Napoleon, in the presence of admiral Malcolm, to discuss the reduction of Longwood expenditures. This angers Napoleon who brings up the issue of the restrictions imposed upon him :
«
If you fear so much that I will escape, why not cut my throat ? »
This is the last interview between the captive and his custodian.


24 August – Letter of 'remonstrance' where Napoleon officially complaints against the restrictions, vexations, &c that have been put in place since the arrival of the new governor :
 « L’Extase [one of Las Cases' nicknames] says that it will set Europe on fire etc. »


Napoleon with his companions in captivity
Napoleon & his companions in captitivy

19 September – Napoleon orders to break his plate in pieces and to sell it in town, in order to finance his expenditures at Longwood

  End of September – Hudson Lowe annonces that he received the order to remove Piontkowski and three servants from Longwood
 
6 October – Napoleon says about Hudson Lowe :
«
I am convinced that this governor, this chief of prisons, has been sent out on purpose by Lord Castlereagh to poison me, or put me to death some way or another, under sone pretext. »

19 October – Piontkowski and three chosen servants leave the island for the Colony of The Cape

20 October – Bertrand and his family leave Huts' Gate to be lodged in a house within Longwood's custody perimeter
 
26 October – Napoleon is feverish ; he suffers from toothache and the cold : 
« He attributed his troubles to the violence of the winds, the exposure of Longwood and the desolation of this place. »


28 October – Esther Vesey, Marchand's mistress, informs that she is pregnant : she is told to leave Longwood to avoid the rumours that Napoleon had an affair

Mid-November – Gourgaud's jalousy towards Las Cases is at a peak :
 « It will not happen that I, as a soldier, would give way to a chamberlain who really is just a valet with a title. »


Napoleon dictating to Las Cases
Napoleon dictating his memoirs to Count Las Cases & son

25 November – Las Cases is arrested and his papers seized

29 November – Hudson Lowe finds the journal that Las Cases was writing and seals it (after copying it) :
 
« Every thing is sacrificed in it, to the great object of presenting to Posterity, in the person of General Bonaparte, a model of excellence and virtue. »

11 December – Las Cases doesn't want to go back to Longwood. Napoleon writes to him a farewell letter :
« Longwood is wrapped in a veil, with a design to make it inpenetrable, as if a criminal conduct is to be concealed. »
Beginning of the affair of the botanist Welle


18 December – A ship, with Piontkowski and the three servants from Longwood on board, arrives at St. Helena on the way to England

30 December - Las Cases and his son depart from The Cape

Napoleon - the captive of St. Helena
Napoleon, the captive of St. Helena

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